Mediterranean Sea Travel Guide

Discover the best places to visit, food and drink scene, accommodations, culture and customs, safety and health tips, and transportation options in the Mediterranean Sea with this comprehensive travel guide.

Introduction to Mediterranean Sea

The Mediterranean Sea is a popular destination for travelers seeking a mix of culture, history, outdoor adventures, and scenic views. This sea is bordered by Europe, Africa, and Asia, and it covers an area of 2.5 million square kilometers. The Mediterranean region is home to some of the oldest civilizations, such as the Greeks, Romans, and Phoenicians, and it boasts a rich cultural heritage and diverse natural landscapes.

List of Places to Visit in Mediterranean Sea

Here are some of the best places to visit in the Mediterranean Sea:

Culturally Important Attractions: Museums and Historical Places

  1. Acropolis of Athens, Greece
  2. Colosseum, Rome, Italy
  3. Alhambra Palace, Granada, Spain
  4. Blue Mosque, Istanbul, Turkey
  5. Pompeii, Italy

Natural Attractions of Mediterranean Sea: Outdoor Adventures and Scenic Views

  1. Cinque Terre, Italy
  2. Plitvice National Park, Croatia
  3. Santorini, Greece
  4. Capri Island, Italy
  5. Cappadocia, Turkey

Hiking/Biking Routes of Mediterranean Sea

The Mediterranean region offers plenty of opportunities for hiking and biking enthusiasts. Here are some of the top hiking and biking routes:

  1. Camino de Santiago, Spain
  2. Levada Walks, Madeira, Portugal
  3. Lycian Way, Turkey
  4. Corsica GR20, France
  5. Mount Olympus, Greece

Best Things to Do in Mediterranean Sea: Activities and Tours

The Mediterranean Sea offers a variety of activities and tours for travelers of all ages and interests. Here are some of the best things to do in the Mediterranean:

  1. Take a boat tour to explore the hidden coves and beaches.
  2. Visit local wineries and taste the region’s best wines.
  3. Enjoy a hot air balloon ride over Cappadocia’s unique rock formations.
  4. Go scuba diving or snorkeling to discover the Mediterranean’s underwater world.
  5. Take a cooking class to learn how to make traditional Mediterranean dishes.

Week-Long Itinerary for Mediterranean Sea

Here’s a suggested itinerary for a week-long trip to the Mediterranean Sea:

Day 1: Start your trip in Athens, Greece, and explore the Acropolis and other ancient landmarks. Day 2-3: Head to Santorini, Greece, and enjoy the island’s stunning beaches, traditional villages, and breathtaking sunset views. Day 4-5: Take a ferry to Turkey and explore Istanbul’s famous landmarks, such as the Blue Mosque and Hagia Sophia. Day 6-7: End your trip in Rome, Italy, and discover the Colosseum, Vatican City, and other cultural landmarks of the city.

Food and Drink Scene of Mediterranean Sea

The Mediterranean region is known for its delicious cuisine and fine wines. Here are some of the must-try dishes and local beverages:

Must-Try Dishes

  1. Moussaka, Greece
  2. Paella, Spain
  3. Couscous, Morocco
  4. Pizza, Italy
  5. Grilled octopus, Croatia

Local Beverages

  1. Raki, Turkey
  2. Ouzo, Greece
  3. Sangria, Spain
  4. Limoncello, Italy
  5. Port wine, Portugal

Where to Stay in Mediterranean Sea: Hotels, Hostels, and Guesthouses

The Mediterranean offers a range of accommodation options, from luxury hotels to budget-friendly hostels. Here are some of the best places to stay in the Mediterranean:

  1. Hotel Poseidon, Italy
  2. La Mamounia, Morocco
  3. Mandarin Oriental, Barcelona, Spain
  4. Hyatt Regency, Istanbul, Turkey
  5. Mystique, Santorini, Greece
  6. Hostel One Sevilla, Spain
  7. Villa Dubrovnik, Croatia

What to Buy in Mediterranean Sea: Souvenirs and Local Products to Bring Home

The Mediterranean is home to a range of unique souvenirs and local products that make great gifts for friends and family. Here are some of our top picks:

  1. Olive oil, Greece
  2. Leather goods, Italy
  3. Spices, Morocco
  4. Ceramics, Turkey
  5. Lavender, Provence, France

Local Culture and Customs of Mediterranean Sea

The Mediterranean is a culturally diverse region, and it’s essential to be respectful of local customs and traditions. Here are some key aspects of Mediterranean culture:

  • The siesta: In some Mediterranean countries, shops and restaurants close for an afternoon break.
  • Dress code: In more conservative countries like Turkey, it’s essential to dress modestly when visiting religious sites.
  • Hospitality: Mediterranean people are known for their warm hospitality and welcoming nature, so it’s essential to reciprocate the kindness and respect shown to you.

Best Time to Visit Mediterranean Sea

The best time to visit the Mediterranean depends on your interests. Summer is the peak season for beach lovers, while spring and fall are better for sightseeing and outdoor activities. Winter is a less popular time to visit, but it’s an excellent option for travelers on a budget.

Do’s and Don’ts of Mediterranean Sea

Here are some Do’s and Don’ts to keep in mind when traveling to the Mediterranean:


  • Do try the local cuisine and drinks.
  • Do respect local customs and traditions.
  • Do haggle at the markets and bazaars.
  • Do dress appropriately for religious sites.
  • Do take your time - the pace of life in the Mediterranean is relaxed.


  • Don’t bring up sensitive political or religious topics in conversation.
  • Don’t wear revealing clothing in conservative countries.
  • Don’t forget to try the local wines and spirits.
  • Don’t assume locals speak English - learn a few key phrases in the local language.
  • Don’t forget to tip - in restaurants, it’s customary to leave 10-15% of the bill as a tip.

Safety and Health

Safety in Mediterranean Sea

Overall, the Mediterranean is a relatively safe destination for travelers. However, it’s essential to be aware of the following:

  • Petty crime: Pickpocketing and theft can be common in busy tourist areas, so be vigilant and keep your belongings close.
  • Water safety: Some beaches may have strong currents or underwater hazards, so always check local conditions before swimming.
  • Scams: Some vendors may overcharge tourists or sell counterfeit goods, so be wary when shopping at local markets.

Health in Mediterranean Sea

It’s always a good idea to check with your doctor before traveling to the Mediterranean to ensure you’re up-to-date on your vaccinations. Food and water in the region are generally safe, but it’s important to take precautions to prevent illness, such as washing your hands and avoiding undercooked food.

Getting to Mediterranean Sea: Transportation Options and Logistics

Airports Near Mediterranean Sea

There are several airports located around the Mediterranean region, including:

  • Athens International Airport, Greece
  • Rome Fiumicino Airport, Italy
  • Barcelona El Prat Airport, Spain
  • Istanbul Airport, Turkey
  • Casablanca Mohammed V International Airport, Morocco

Bus Stations Near Mediterranean Sea

Many cities around the Mediterranean have bus stations that provide easy access to nearby attractions and cities. Some top bus stations include:

  • Athens KTEL Bus Terminal, Greece
  • Roma Tiburtina Bus Station, Italy
  • Estacion de Autobuses de Barcelona, Spain
  • Istanbul Esenler Otogar Terminal, Turkey
  • Gare Routière de Casa Voyageurs, Morocco

Other Options

Other transportation options include trains, ferries, and taxis. Trains are a cost-effective way to explore the Mediterranean region, while ferries provide scenic views of the coastline. Taxis can be more expensive but offer the convenience of door-to-door service.

How to Get Around in Mediterranean Sea

Getting around the Mediterranean can be accomplished via public transportation like trains, buses, and ferries. Biking and walking around the region can also allow for a more intimate experience.

Where to Go Next from Mediterranean Sea: Nearby Destinations and Excursions

The Mediterranean region has plenty of nearby destinations and excursions that make for a perfect extension to any holiday. Here are some top picks:

  • Madrid, Spain
  • Marrakech, Morocco
  • Istanbul, Turkey
  • Lisbon, Portugal
  • Dubrovnik, Croatia


The Mediterranean Sea is a richly rewarding destination, with something for every type of traveler. Its blend of cultural landmarks, sumptuous cuisine, and natural beauty make visiting the Mediterranean an unforgettable experience. With these tips, it should be an easy task to plan a memorable Mediterranean itinerary that ticks all the boxes, and makes for an incredible trip.